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Today in History - January 1st
404 - Today in history, the last of the gladiator competitions was held in the city of Rome.
1622 - January 1st was adopted by the Pope as the start of the New Year.
1772 - On this day in history, the first set of travelers' checks was issued in England.
1797 - Albany was named the capital of New York State.
1808 - Today in history, the US prohibited slaves from Africa to arrive in the country.
1863 - President Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation: all slaves in the dissident states were free.
1892 - On this day in history, Ellis Island Immigrant Station opened.
1892 - Brooklyn and New York united to form the city of New York.
1898 - Today in history, Manhattan, the Bronx, Brooklyn, Queens and Staten Island were combined into what we know as New York City.
1913 - The post office began parcel post deliveries.
1934 - On this day in history, Alcatraz became a Federal Prison.
1934 - The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) began operations.
1942 - Today in history, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill issued a pronouncement called the "United Nations."
1959 - Fidel Castro defeated the government of Batista and seized power in Cuba.
1971 - On this day in history, tobacco ads were forbidden in TV and radio.
1979 - The United States and China held celebrations to signal the beginning of diplomatic relations.
1984 - Today in history, AT&T was broken up into 22 Bell Companies.
1990 - David Dinkins was installed as New York City's first black mayor.
1994 - On this day in history, The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) went into effect.
1995 - The World Trade Organization began to operate.
1998 - Today in history, a new anti-smoking law premiered in California.
SCIENCE, DISCOVERIES, PATENTS - Today in History, January 1st
1801 - Italian astronomer Giuseppe Piazzi discovered the asteroid Ceres.
1924 - On this day in history, Frank B. Cooney patented ink paste.
1975 - "Popular Electronics" announced the invention of a PC called Altair.
SPORTS - Today in History, January 1st
1840 - Today in history, the first bowling match was recorded.
1902 - The first Tournament of Roses football game was played in Pasadena, CA.
1937 - On this day in history, The First Cotton Bowl football game took place in Dallas, TX.
MUSIC HISTORY - Today in History, January 1st
1964 - The Beach Boys recorded "Fun Fun Fun."
1968 - Today in history, The Blue Velvets changed the name to Creedence Clearwater Revival.
1981 - Prince and the Revolution premiered their first home video "Live."
1985 - VH-1 debuted as a contemporary music video channel for adults.
FAMOUS BIRTHDAYS - January 1st
Paul Revere 1735
Betsy Ross 1752
George Washington Carver 1860
J. Edgar Hoover 1895
Xavier Cugat 1900
Barry Goldwater 1909
J.D. Salinger 1919
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