1962 - During the Cuban Missile Crisis, the United States naval "quarantine" of Cuba was approved by the Council of the Organization of American States (OAS).
1981 - US national debt reached $1 trillion.
1998 - Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian Chairman Yasser Arafat reached a breakthrough in a land-for-peace West Bank accord.
2000 - Universal Studios Consumer Products Group (USCPG) and Amblin Entertainment announced an unprecedented worldwide merchandising program with Toys "R" Us, Inc. The deal was for the rights to exclusive "E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial" merchandise.
2002 - Moscow Theatre Siege began: Chechen rebels seized the House of Culture theater in Moscow and take approximately 700 theater-goers hostage.
2011 - A mighty 7.2 magnitude earthquake in Van Province, Turkey, killing 582 people and injuring thousands.
SCIENCE, INVENTIONS, PATENTS - Today in History, October 23rd
1814 - The first plastic surgery was performed (England).
1956 - NBC broadcasted the first videotape recording coast-to-coast.
1977 - Paleontologist Elso Barghoorn announced that 34-billion-year-old one-celled fossils, the earliest life forms, had been discovered.
2001- Apple released the iPod.
CULTURE, LIFESTYLE - Today in History, October 23rd
1941 - Walt Disney's "Dumbo" was released.
1963 - Neil Simon's "Barefoot in the Park," premiered in NYC
1964 - Time Magazine employed the term "op art" for the first time.
1991 - Dr. Jack Kevorkian's suicide machine killed 2 women.
MUSIC HISTORY - Today in History, October 23rd
1978 - Sid Vicious attempted suicide while at Riker's Detention Center in NYC.
1989 - George Harrison released "Best of Dark Horse 1976-89" album.
FAMOUS BIRTHDAYS - October 23rd
1547 - Miguel de Cervantes, poet, dramatist, author of the Adventures of Don Quixote.