1492 - On this day in history, Columbus left San Salvador and arrived in Santa Maria of Concepción (Bahamas), systematically exploring all neighboring Caribbean islands.
1586 - Mary Queen of Scots went on trial for conspiring against Elizabeth. This became known as the Babington Plot, which included the assassination of Queen Elizabeth, a Protestant, and would put Mary, Queen of Scots, her Roman Catholic cousin, on the English throne.
1773 - The American Revolutionary War: The United Kingdom's East India Company tea ships' cargo is burned at Annapolis, Maryland.
1774 - Today in history, the first Continental Congress made The Declaration of Colonial Rights in Philadelphia.
1834 - In Philadelphia, Whigs and Democrats staged a primitive battle (guns, stones, knives) for control of a Moyamensing Township election, resulting in one death, several injuries, and the burning down of a block of buildings.
1912 - On this day in history, Teddy Roosevelt was shot while campaigning in Milwaukee.
1933 - Nazi Germany announced withdrawal from The League of Nations. The Nazis' isolationist policies marched on.
1938 - Today in history, the Nazis planned Jewish ghettos for all major cities in Germany and for those countries that they appropriated throughout Europe.
1942 - German assault on Tractor factory yielded thousands of deaths. The unrelenting battle for Stalingrad continued.
1958 - The District of Columbia Bar Association voted to accept Afro-Americans as members.
1960 - The Peace Corps is first suggested by JFK.
1962 - US U-2 espionage planes located missile launchers in Cuba and the beginning of the October crisis saw the light of day.
1964 - Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. won The Nobel Peace Prize.
1966 - Today in history, 175 US airplanes bombed North Vietnam, while the US presence in country was still an "undeclared" war.
1969 - Race riots surfaced in Springfield, MA. Not until the 1960s did the US Congress pass legislation that prohibited segregation and discrimination in voting, education, employment and housing, despite the ideals upon which they country had been founded.
1976 - Today in history, the Nobel Prize for Economics was awarded to Milton Friedman.
1986 - Concentration-camp survivor Elie Wiesel won The Nobel Peace Prize on a day like today.
1994 - The Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to Yasser Arafat, Yitzhak Rabin & Shimon Peres, on this day in history.
SCIENCE, INVENTIONS, PATENTS - Today in History, October 14th
1834 - On this day in history, the first African American to obtain a US patent for a corn planter, Henry Blair, made history.
1922 - The first automated telephones with the Pennsylvania exchange debuted in NYC.
1964 - Philips began experimenting with color TV. We had come a long way!
1968 - The first live telecast from a manned US spacecraft known as Apollo 7 happened from space.
SPORTS - Today in History, October 14th
1908 - The Baseball Writers Association of America was formed.
1908 - The smallest crowd at World Series ensued: 6,210 people saw The Cubs beat The Tigers.
1911 - The largest baseball crowd ever at 38,281 (Polo Grounds) saw Giants beat A's 2-1 (gate was also a sell-out record at $77,379).
1916 - Sophomore tackle and guard Paul Robeson was excluded from the Rutgers football team when Washington and Lee University refused to play against a black person.
1964 - Today in history, Roger Maris & Mickey Mantle hit home runs on back-to-back pitches.
1985 - On Monday Night football, The NY Jets retired Joe Namath's #12, beat Miami 23-7.
HISTORY OF MUSIC - Today in History, October 14th
1968 - The Beatles' legendary "White Album" was completed.
1980 - Bob Marley's last concert took place. He was a committed Rastafarian who infused his music with a profound sense of spirituality.
FAMOUS BIRTHDAYS - October 14th
Sophia of Hanover, Princess Palatine and Electress of Saxony - 1630
William Penn, English Philosopher, Quaker and founder of Pennsylvania - 1644
Preston King, U.S. Senator from New York - 1806
Ellison Capers, Brigadier General (Confederate Army) - 1837
Lillian Gish, American silent film/stage actress (Birth of a Nation) - 1893.
e. e. cummings, Cambridge Massachusetts, poet (Tulips & Chimneys) - 1894
Empress Farah Diba of Iran - 1938
Ralph Lauren, Bronx, New York, fashion designer (Chaps, Polo Ralph Lauren) - 1939
Lourdes Marie Ciccone Leon, daughter of singer Madonna - 1996