1143 - King Alfonso VII of Leon (Spain) recognized Portugal as a Kingdom. The separation of the two countries was established via granted autonomy, on this day in history.
1450 - Today in history, Jews were expelled from Lower Bavaria by order of King Ludwig IX.
1582 - On this day in history, The Gregorian calendar was introduced in Italy, other Catholic countries. We still use the Calendar today.
1789 - French Revolution: Today in history, the women of Paris marched to Versailles to confront King Louis XVI about his refusal to promulgate the decrees on the abolition of feudalism; insisted on having bread for they and their children were hungry; and asked to have the King and his court moved to Paris.
1793 - On this day in history, Christianity was dis-established in France.
1864 - Today in history, most of Calcutta was destroyed by a cyclone (approximately 60,000 died).
Wright Brothers' "Flyer III"
1905 - The Wright Brothers' "Flyer III" flight (38.5 km in 38.3") took place, on this day in history.
1914 - Today in history, World War I's first aerial combat resulting in casualties was recorded.
1931 - On this day in history, the 1st non-stop transpacific flight from Japan to Washington took place (Herndon & Pangborn).
1942 - 5,000 Jews of Dubno, Russia were massacred, today in history. Yet another instance of genocide in Europe, paving the way for more to come.
1944 - Suffrage was extended to women in France, on this day in history. Better late than never!
1958 - US performed nuclear test at Nevada Test Site. USSR also performed nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR.
1984 - Today in history, the 13th Space Shuttle Mission (41-G)-Challenger 6 launched with success.
1991 - And the race slows down... On this day in history, the USSR reduced its nuclear-weapons arsenal.
2000 - Today in history, mass demonstrations in Belgrade, in the former Yugoslavia, led to the resignation of Serbian Slobodan Milošević. These demonstrations are often called the Bulldozer Revolution.
SPORTS - Today in History, October 5th
1895 - On this day in history, the first individual time trial for racing cyclists was held on a 50-mile course north of London.
1900 - 6th US Golf Open: Harry Vardon shot a 313 at Chicago GC Ill.
1921 - Today in history, the 1st World Series radio broadcast happened with the Yankees beating The Giants 3-0.
1922 - Yankees & Giants played an infamous 3-3 tie World-Series game, on this day in history.
1956 - Today in history, Yogi Berra became the 4th Yankee to hit a World-Series grand slam.
1996 - On this day in history, Caroline Pierce won the LPGA JAL Big Apple Golf Classic. More and more women were entering golf by the day!
1997 - The Vantage Senior Golf Championship took place to allow for an "elder" platform in the game.
CULTURE, LIFESTYLE - Today in History, October 5th
1924 - Today in history, the first Little Orphan Annie-strip appeared in The NY Daily News.
1945 - "Meet the Press" premiered on radio, on this day in history, finding its way to network TV later in time.
1947 - The first Presidential address was televised from White House, with Harry Truman at the podium, today in history.
1953 - On this day in history, the first documented recovery meeting of Narcotics Anonymous was held.
1962 - Today in history, The Beatles released their first record "Love Me Do."
1969 - Monty Python's now legendary "Flying Circus" began airing on The BBC, on this day in history.
1970 - Today in history, PBS became a Network.
1977 - Controversial, anti-war rock opera "Hair" opened at The Biltmore Theater in NYC for 43 performances, on this day in history.
1978 - Today in history, renowned writer Isaac Bashevis Singer won Nobel Prize in Literature.
SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY - Today in History, October 5th
1991 - The first official version of the Linux kernel, version 0.02, was released.
FAMOUS BIRTHDAYS - October 5th
1929 - On this day in history, Autherine Lucy was the first black person to enroll at the University of Alabama at Tuscaloosa. "Integration" as we know it today, was still decades away.
1952 - Clive Barker, English author and film director, was born (Hellraiser, Lord of Illusions).
1975 - Remarkable actress Kate Winslet was born in Reading, England (Titanic, Jude, Hamlet, Get Back)